CyberArk 12.1 Lab – 5. PSM Set up – InfoSec Memo


Privileged Session Supervisor (PSM) permits organizations to safe, management and monitor privileged entry to community gadgets through the use of the Vault know-how to handle privileged accounts and file all IT administrator privileged periods on distant machines. This put up summarizes some steps to put in PSM (Privileged Session Supervisor).. 

Structure

  • dimension of session recordings
  • exercise in your enterprise
  • recordings retention interval

Deployment mannequin:

  • Catastrophe Restoration deployment
  • Distributed (A number of websites, fault tolerance)
  • Efficiency in a load balanced configuration

Set up Overview

The PSM computerized set up permits a silent and computerized deployment of the product. This facilitates a quick deployment of the product eliminating human errors throughout set up and configuration.

The automated set up is split into a number of configurable phases: setup, set up, post-installation, hardening and registration. 

Every step in a stage may be configured to run routinely as a part of the automated set up, or, the step may be configured to be achieved manually for troubleshooting or person preferences. The really useful steps are enabled by default and you’ll disable them within the configuration file.

As well as, the set up and registration phases may be achieved manually utilizing the set up wizard.

Methodology 1 – Automated Set up multi function

PSMAutoInstallation.exe runs all of the PSM set up phases: setup, set up, post-installation, hardening, and registration. Doc.

Notes:

  • This device DOES NOT assist improve.
  • SM set up runs the hardening steps, together with PSMConfigureApplocker, with a default configuration.
  • The hardening stage blocks all directors from navigating within the PSM server file system.
  • The Registration stage creates the related PSM objects within the Vault every time it runs. While you run the device, this stage is simply run if it has not but run or if the connection to the Vault failed. If registration began and was cancelled, you will need to run the restore by way of the set up Wizard.

Run the set up device

  1. From the set up CD, copy the PSM folder to the part server and unzip.

  2. Open CMD and run

     
    CD <PSM CD-Picture Path>PSMAutoInstallationTool
    PSMAutoInstallationTool /vaultip <Vault IP deal with> /vaultuser <Vault username for set up> /accepteula sure
    • Restart – The device runs the PSM set up phases. When a restart is required, the person is prompted to press Enter, restarting the machine. When the person logs in to the machine once more, the device continues from the related step.

    • Vault person credentials – If you’re utilizing a Vault username and password, after the final restart you’re prompted to enter a password. Enter the password and click on Enter. You should use the cred file to keep away from coming into the password interactively.

Methodology 2 – Automated Set up in 5 Phases

Detailed rationalization  on this doc:

Set Up Stage:

  1. From the set up CD, copy the PSM folder to the part server and unzip.

  2. Open InstallationAutomationPrerequisitesPrerequisitesConfig.XML. Assessment the choices and choose the steps to allow by setting Allow = “Sure”.

Run the arrange stage

To run the script in commonplace mode, open a PowerShell window and run the next command:

CD “<CD-Picture Path>InstallationAutomation”
.Execute-Stage.ps1 “<CD-Picture Path>InstallationAutomationPrerequisitesPrerequisitesConfig.XML”

Set up Stage:

To run the script in commonplace mode, open a PowerShell window and run the next command:

CD “<CD-Picture Path>InstallationAutomation”
.Execute-Stage.ps1 “<CD-Picture Path>
InstallationAutomationInstallationInstallationConfig.XML”

Submit-installation Stage:

The put up set up stage configures the PSM server after it has been put in efficiently.

Configure the post-installation stage

From the CD picture, open InstallationAutomationPostInstallationPostInstallationConfig.XML. and choose the steps you wish to allow by setting Allow = “Sure”

Open a PowerShell window and run the next command:

CD “<CD-Picture Path>InstallationAutomation”
.Execute-Stage.ps1 “<CD-Picture Path>Set up automationPostInstallationPostInstallationConfig.XML

Harden Stage:

The PSM hardening stage enhances PSM safety by defining a extremely secured Home windows server. The hardening process, which disables a number of working system providers on the PSM server machine, is included as a part of the PSM set up.

Open a PowerShell window and run the next command:

CD “<CD-Picture Path>InstallationAutomation”
.Execute-Stage.ps1 “<CD-Picture Path>Set up automationHardeningHardeningConfig.XML

Registration Stage:

The Registration stage registers the Privileged Session Supervisor server to the Vault.

  1. Run the registration stage with a password. Open a PowerShell window and run one of many following instructions:

    1. Interactively run the script with the -spwd parameter to securely go the password to the script. After working the script, enter the Vault person password and press Enter.

        CD “<set up package deal Path>InstallationAutomation” .Execute-Stage.ps1 “<set up package deal Path>InstallationAutomationRegistrationRegistrationConfig.XML”-spwd
    2. Robotically run the script with the -spwdObj parameter to securely go the password to the script. First create a safe string that holds the Vault person password. For instance:

       

      $sp = Learn-Host -AsSecureString

      Enter the Vault person password, press Enter, and run the script.

        CD “<set up package deal Path>InstallationAutomation” .Execute-Stage.ps1 “<set up package deal Path>InstallationAutomationRegistrationRegistrationConfig.XML”-spwdObj $sp
    3. Interactively run the script with the -pwd parameter:

        CD “<set up package deal Path>InstallationAutomation” .Execute-Stage.ps1 “<set up package deal Path>InstallationAutomationRegistrationRegistrationConfig.XML”-pwd <vaultpassword>

       

       

      This technique will not be really useful, because it runs with the password in clear textual content.

  2. In the event you use a credfile, open a PowerShell window and run the next command:

      CD “<set up package deal Path>InstallationAutomation” .Execute-Stage.ps1 “<set up package deal Path>InstallationAutomationRegistrationRegistrationConfig.XML”
  3. While you use the registration device, the PSM server is assigned a novel identifier, PSM-<identifier>.

    To view the ID assigned to every of PSM servers in your atmosphere, go to PVWA > ADMINISTRATION > Methods Configuration > Choices > Privileged Session Administration > Configured PSM Servers.

  4. While you use the registration device on an present vault atmosphere, each platform’s PSM on this vault atmosphere is about to the distinctive identifier described within the earlier step.

    To edit a PSM Server ID on a person platform, go to Platform Administration, choose the platform and reset the PSM server ID.

    To edit a number of PSM Server IDs, you are able to do a bulk change. Go to Vault > PVWAConfiguration Protected > Insurance policies.XML, and edit the PSM server IDs.

Methodology 3 – Wizard Set up multi function

PSM set up multi function runs the hardening steps by default, together with PSMConfigureApplocker. Be certain that the PSMConfigureApplocker.xml file is up to date earlier than you proceed.

You may all the time re-run the PSMConfigureApplocker script at a later stage. For particulars, see Hardening.

  1. Go surfing as a website person who's a member of the native directors group.

  2. Create a brand new folder on the PSM server machine. From the set up CD, copy the contents of the Privileged Session Supervisor folder to your new folder .

    Show the contents of the Privileged Session Supervisor folder.

  3. Begin the set up process:

    Double-click Setup.exe or,

    On methods which might be UAC-enabled, right-click Setup.exethen choose Run as Administrator.

    The PSM set up wizard seems and shows an inventory of conditions which might be put in earlier than the PSM set up continues.

  4. Click on Set up to start the set up course of; the set up course of begins and the Setup window seems.

     

    You may exit set up at any time by clicking Cancel. You may return to the earlier set up window by clicking Again, the place relevant.

  5. Click on Subsequent to view the CyberArk license and settle for the phrases of the License Settlement.

    Learn the license settlement, then click on Sure to just accept its phrases.

  6. On the Buyer Data window, enter your identify and your Firm identify within the acceptable fields, then click on Subsequent.

  7. On the Vacation spot Location window, click on Subsequent to just accept the default location supplied by the set up, or click on Change and choose one other location.

  8. On the Recordings Folder window, click on Subsequent to just accept the default recordings folder supplied by the set up, or click on Change and choose one other location.

     
    • The Recordings Folder might require a considerable amount of disk house, relying on the variety of recordings which might be saved there earlier than being uploaded into the Vault.
    • Think about that, by default, the recordings folder is on the System disk beneath Program Recordsdata and chances are you'll wish to change it to a unique location.
     

    In the event you set up a number of PSMs in the identical Vault atmosphere, confirm that every PSM has the identical path to the Recordings folder.

  9. On the Password Vault Internet Entry Surroundings window, click on Subsequent to just accept the default identify of the PVWA Configuration Protected supplied by the set up, or specify the identify of one other Protected identify that's used because the PVWA Configuration Protected.

  10. Click on Subsequent; the set up routinely installs the Oracle Immediate Consumer, then shows the Vault’s Connection Particulars window. Specify the IP or DNS deal with and the port variety of the Digital Vault, then click on Subsequent.

  11. On the Vault’s Username and Password Particulars window, specify the username and password of the Vault person finishing up this set up, then click on Subsequent .

     
    • It's endorsed to make use of the Vault administrator person for this set up as this person has the suitable Vault authorizations and is created within the acceptable location within the Vault hierarchy.
    • In the event you set up a number of PSMs in the identical Vault atmosphere, you will need to set up all PSMs with the identical Vault person

    If a earlier PSM has been put in on this machine and a PSM was created, the next message will seem:

    That is an informative message. Click on OK to proceed set up.

  12. On the API Gateway Connection Particulars window, enter the protocol and hostname of the PVWA the place the PSM connects to the API Gateway, then click on Subsequent. This data is used to generate an endpoint for API calls (<protocol>://<Host>/passwordvault/api).

     
    • This window is to be used in a Distributed Vaults atmosphere and to routinely unlock accounts.

    • The PSM machine will need to have trusted communication to the PVWA machine.

    • Port 443 between the PSM the PVWA machines should be open.

  13. On the PKI authentication configuration window, choose the checkbox to allow good card authentication, then click on Subsequent.

     
    • Don't allow this setting if PKI Authentication will not be utilized in your group.
    • If you don't allow this setting throughout set up and wish to allow PKI authentication for PSM, comply with the directions in Throughout PSM set up.
  14. On the Hardening window, click on Superior to customise the put up set up and hardening processes, or click on Subsequent to carry out the usual put up set up and hardening processes and show the Setup Full window.

    In the event you clicked Superior, choose the put up set up and hardening processes that the set up will run, then click on Subsequent to show the Setup Full window.

  15. Click on End to finish the Privileged Session Supervisor set up.

  16. Restart the PSM server. You can even restart the PSM server at a later stage.
  17. On the PVWA machine, run iisreset,

    or

    Look forward to the PVWA refresh configuration interval to go.

Methodology 4 – Wizard Set up in Three Phases 

Hardening PSM Server with a GPO in Area Surroundings

From DC, open Group Coverage Administration Console, import PSM Hardening GPO and hyperlink it to PSM OU.

This step additionally applies to different PVWA/CPM servers. You will discover out these GPOs from set up folders.

Load Balancing

Exterior Load Balancing

Superior PSM Implementations

Different superior PSM implementation subjects:

PSM for SSH Servers



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